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Ghosts of the forest: Mapping pedomemory to guide forest restoration

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Soil morphology can provide insight into how ecosystems change following periods of extensive disturbance.  Soils properties can often be linked to historic environmental influences (e.g., vegetation or climate) to provide a record of pedomemory. Identification and mapping of soil pedomemory properties show promise in providing context for ecological restoration.

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Spruce and Soil Organic Carbon

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Through a partnership between the Monongahela National Forest and West Virginia University called the West Virginia Restoration Venture, two white papers, a “technical” and a “general” version, have been finalized.  They both describe the influence of red spruce forest on organic soil carbon.  Slides excerpted from a fascinating webinar by Dominick DellaSala on 26 Feb 2014, showing the Mon Forest as #11 in the nation in terms of carbon storage.


Ecological Modeling: Red Spruce

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The Journal, Ecological Modeling recently published two articles about red spruce.

Title: Climate change effects on red spruce decline mitigated by reduction in air pollution within its shrinking habitat range by Koo, K. A.; Patten, B. C.; Teskey, R. O.; Creed, I. F.; -- pp. 81-90
Ref#: 78097632IE

Title: Projection of red spruce (Picea rubens Sargent) habitat suitability and distribution in the Southern Appalachian Mountains, USA by Koo, K. A.; Madden, M.; Patten, B. C.; -- pp. 91-101
Ref#: 78097633IE

Both articles are available for purchase here


Scenario Modeling Informs Spruce Restoration in West Virginia

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Topics covered include goals for restoration of red spruce forests, desire to protect and improve habitat, comparing and contrasting active and passive restoration, constraints, and sustainability of restoration actions.

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Using Maximum Entropy Modeling to Identify and Prioritize Red Spruce Forest Habitat in West Virginia

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Red spruce forests in West Virginia are found in island-like distributions at high elevations and provide essential habitat for the endangered Cheat Mountain salamander and the recently delisted Virginia northern flying squirrel. Therefore, it is important to identify restoration priorities of red spruce forests. Maximum entropy modeling was used to identify areas of suitable red spruce habitat, with a total of 32 variables analyzed. Maximum temperature of the warmest month and minimum temperature of the coldest month were identified as variables explaining the most information about red spruce forest habitat. In addition, habitat maps identifying areas of high, medium, and low suitability were created and quantified at the county level. These results will benefit current and future conservation and restoration management activities as they identify core areas that possess the necessary environmental conditions for supporting future complex red spruce communities. Restoration efforts focused in areas possessing high suitability ensure peak potential of success and will ultimately give red spruce forests in West Virginia the greatest resilience to future climatic conditions by establishing connectivity between red spruce forests and increasing genetic diversity.

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Who are we?

This website has been established and is being managed by the West Virginia Highlands Conservancy to support the work of the Central Appalachian Spruce Restoration Initiative (CASRI).

CASRI is a partnership of diverse interests with a common goal of restoring historic red spruce-northern hardwood ecosystems across the high elevation landscapes of Central Appalachia. It is comprised of private, state, federal, and non-governmental organizations who share a recognition of the importance of this ecosystem.

Contact Us

For more information, and volunteer opportunities, please contact :

Kristin Stockton

AFHA AmeriCorps Member

Monongahela National Forest

200 Sycamore StreetElkins, WV 26241

P: 304-636-1800 x224